Humanitarian Accountability Partnership – International – HAP : was founded in 2003 by a group of humanitarian agencies committed to making their work more accountable to its intended beneficiaries, following on from several years of research and field trials conducted by HAP’s antecedents, the Humanitarian Ombudsman Project (1999-2001) and the Humanitarian Accountability Project (2001-2003). HAP is now finalising a system of voluntary self-regulation and quality assurance to be based upon the HAP Accountability and Quality Management Standard due to be published in late 2006. Registered as a Swiss NGO, the HAP Secretariat is based in Geneva with 14 full members as of September 2006. New members are required to submit an Accountability Workplan mapping out how their organisation will seek to implement the HAP Accountability Principles. Eventually, through the accreditation of affiliated NGO networks and associations with the authority to certify their own members as being compliant with the HAP Standard, it is hoped that HAP’s vision of an accountable international humanitarian system at large will eventually be

The Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) is an open global network of representatives from NGOs, UN agencies, donor agencies, governments, academic institutions, schools and affected populations working together to ensure all persons the right to quality and safe education in emergencies and post-crisis recovery.
The History of INEE:
INEE was conceived in 2000 during the World Education Forum’s Strategy Session on Education in Emergencies in Dakar during which the idea was proposed to develop a process which would improve inter-agency communication and collaboration within the context of education in emergencies. At a follow-up Inter-Agency Consultation held in Geneva in November 2000, INEE was officially founded to build upon and consolidate existing networks. INEE’s work is founded on a number of international legal conventions and documents.
Mission and Vision:
Our purpose as the Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) is to serve as an open global network of members working together within a humanitarian and development framework to ensure all people the right to quality and safe education in emergencies and post-crisis recovery.
INEE envisions a world where:
  • All people affected by crisis and instability have access to quality, relevant and safe education opportunities;
  • Education services are integrated into all emergency interventions as an essential life-saving and life-sustaining component of humanitarian response
  • Governments and donors provide sustainable funding and develop holistic policies to ensure education preparedness, crisis prevention, mitigation, response and recovery;
  • All education programmes preparing for and responding to emergencies, chronic crises and recovery are consistent with the INEE Minimum Standards and accountable for quality and results.
Guiding Principles and Values
Within INEE we believe that:
  • Education is a basic human right of all people affected by crisis and instability
  • Education protects during crises and lays a sustainable foundation for recovery, peace and development
  • Education should be included in all humanitarian responses
  • Education policy and services must be actively sustained and coordinated across the humanitarian – development continuum before, during and in recovery from crises
  • Crises which destabilize education can be approached not only as urgent situations of immediate need but also as opportunities for positive change
  • INEE strives to be an open, flexible network with minimum formal structure, with shared leadership, open non-competitive membership and strong inter-agency collaborative relationships, playing a facilitative as opposed to an operational role
  • INEE complements other more formal inter-agency mechanisms by employing the ‘soft power’ of convening and facilitating, not directing and competing, to draw agencies together, sustain commitment and strengthen collaboration for education preparedness, emergency response

From early 2000, various agencies and individuals involved in livestock relief work began to question the quality and professionalism of their interventions. For example, inputs such as emergency veterinary care often arrive too late to be of any value and when delivered to people free-of-charge, undermine local service providers. In these situations, although some animals may have been saved in the short-term, the capacity of local services to provide more long-term support is damaged by the relief response. These kinds of problems are compounded because donors and NGOs often lack in-house livestock expertise and decisions on livestock programming are made without professional input.
Over time, these concerns were linked to current thinking on livelihoods and the concept of ‘saving lives and livelihoods’. Some agencies started to explore ways to deliver emergency livestock de-stocking programmes using local traders. Others began to deliver emergency veterinary care through the private sector.
Climate change is resulting in more frequent and diverse types of disaster. Especially vulnerable are livestock-dependent communities in fragile arid and semi-arid environments who are experiencing increasing drought followed by severe flooding. LEGS addresses these and other types of slow and rapid onset emergency.
To know more about LEGS visit:

The SEEP Network is a nonprofit network of over 120 international organizations, which believe in the power of microenterprise to reduce global poverty. SEEP members connect in a global learning community to increase their impact in over 170 countries, where they collectively serve over 77 million microentrepreneurs and their families. Through SEEP’s learning initiatives, microenterprise development practitioners co-create and exchange strategies, standards, and tools for building healthy economies with a sustainable income in every household.
To know more about SEEP visit:

ALNAP: established in 1997, the Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action is an international, sector-wide membership forum which aims to promote a culture of learning across the humanitarian sector in order to improve performance. ALNAP is involved in a range of activities including the production of an annual Review of Humanitarian Action which monitors the performance of humanitarian action though a synthesis of evaluative reports provided by the Membership. It monitors the quality of the evaluations themselves using the ALNAP quality pro-forma, and works with agencies to improve their evaluation skills. The ALNAP Secretariat hosts a comprehensive evaluative reports database. ALNAP’s Biannual Meetings provide the membership with extensive opportunities for networking and learning on a range of important issues. ALNAP also produces papers that draw together lessons learned for particular types of emergencies, and practical tools, such as guidance booklets and training modules, on subjects and themes prioritised by the Membership.
The ALNAP Secretariat hosted the Tsunami Evaluation Coalition during 2005 and 2006 and is taking responsibility for its follow-up. At the time of writing, ALNAP has 57 Full Members and over 700 Observer Members; its Secretariat is based at the Overseas Development Institute in London.
To know more about ALNAP visit

People In Aid: formally established in 1995, People In Aid promotes good practice in the management and support of employees and volunteers working in relief and development. The People In Aid Code of Good Practice is a quality framework covering all aspects of human resources and people management. It comprises 7 principles, each with specific indicators. The Code supports continuous improvement of NGOs’ HR practices, facilitates stakeholder engagement, and measures improvement. People In Aid’s mandate as a central resource to the sector, supporting agencies in improving the quality of their human resources management, is further carried out through workshops, published guidelines, research and exchange of information between the 100+ members based in over 25 countries.
For more information, please visit
List of Member Organisations
Sphere India

Sphere India recognises that sector committees, collaborative advocacy approach and IAG level intervention is crucial in promoting the principles of quality and accountability of collective humanitarian action at the time of conflict and disasters.

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